学习啦——方法网 > 高考专题 > 历年高考真题 >

2016年高考英语真题全国I卷及答案解析

时间: 嘉欣25 分享

2016年高考英语真题全国I卷难吗?高考英语应该怎样去复习呢?下面学习啦小编为大家分享的是2016年高考英语真题全国I卷及答案解析的详细内容,希望对你有帮助!

2016年高考真题 英语 (全国I卷)

阅读理解 (本大题共小题,每小题____分,共____分。)

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡该项涂黑。

A

You probably know who Marie Curie was,but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson.Of the outstanding ladies listed below,who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years?

Jane Addams(1860-1935)

Anyone who has ever been helped by a social worker has Jane Addams to thank.Addans helped the poor and worked for peace. She encouraged a sense of community(社区)by creating shelters and promoting education and services for people in need In 1931,Addams became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

Rachel Carson(1907-1964)

If it weren’t for Rachel Carson, the environmental movement might not exist today.Her popular 1962 book Silent Spring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects of chemicals on humans and on the world’s lakes and oceans.

Sandra Day O’Connor(1930-present)

When Sandra Day O’Connor finished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952,she could not find work at a law firm because she was a woman. She became an Arizona state senator(参议员) and ,in 1981, the first woman to join the U.S. Supreme Court. O’Connor gave the deciding vote in many important cases during her 24 years on the top court.

Rosa Parks(1913-2005)

On December 1,1955,in Montgomery,Alabama,Rasa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to a passenger. Her simple act landed Parks in prison.But it also set lff the Montgmery bus boycott. It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rights movement. “The only tired I was, was tired lr giving in,”said Parks.

21.What is jane Addams noted for in history?

A. Her social work.

B. Her lack of proper training in law.

C. Her efforts to win a prize.

D. Her community background.

22. What is the reason for O’Connor’s being rejected by the law firm?

A. Her lack of proper training in law.

B. Her little work experience in court.

C. The discrimination against women.

D. The poor financial conditions.

23. Who made a great contribution to the civil-rights movement in the US?

A. Jane Addams.

B. Rachel Carson.

C. Sandra Day O’Connor.

D. Rosa Parks

24. What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text?

A. They are highly educated.

B. They are truly creative.

C. They are pioneers.

D. They are peace-lovers.

B

Grandparents Answer a Call

As a third generation native of Brownsville, Texas, Mildred Garza never pleased move away,. Even when her daughter and son asked her to move to San Antonio to help their children, she politely refused . Only after a year of friendly discussion did Ms Gaf finally say yes. That was four years ago. Today all three generations regard the move to a success,giving them a closer relationship than they would have had in separate cities.

No statistics show the number of grandparents like Garza who are moving closer to the children and grandchildren. Yet there is evidence suggesting that the trend is growing. Even President Obama’s mother-in-law, Marian Robinson, has agreed to leave Chicago and into the White House to help care for her granddaughters. According to a study grandparents com. 83 percent of the people said Mrs. Robinson ‘s decision will influence the grandparents in the American family. Two-thirds believe more families will follow the example of Obama’s family.

“in the 1960s we were all a little wild and couldn’t get away from home far enough fsst enough to prove we could do it on our own,”says Christine Crosby, publisher of grate manazine for grandparents .We now realize how important family is and how important”” to be near them, especially when you’re raining children.”

Moving is not for everyone. Almost every grandparent wants to be with his or her grandchildren and is willing to make sacrifices, but sometimes it is wiser to say no and visit frequently instead. Having your grandchildren far away is hard, especially knowing your adult child is struggling, but giving up the life you know may be harder.

25. Why was Garza’s move a success?

A. It strengthened her family ties.

B. It improved her living conditions.

C. It enabled her make more friends.

D. It helped her know more new places.

26.What was the reaction of the public to Mrs. Robinson’s decision?

A. 17% expressed their support for it.

B. Few people responded sympathetically.

C. 83% believed it had a bad influence.

D. The majority thought it was a trend.

27. What did Crosby say about people in the 1960s?

A. They were unsure of raise more children.

B. They were eager to raise more children.

C. They wanted to live away from their parents.

D. They bad little respect for their grandparent.

28. What does the author suggest the grandparents do in the lasr paragraph?

A. Make decisions in the best interests' of their own

B. Ask their children to pay more visits to them

C. Sacrifice for their struggling children

D. Get to know themselves better

C

I am peter Hodes ,a volunteer stem courier. Since March 2012, I've done 89 trips of those , 51 have been abroad, I have 42 hours to carry stem cells(干细胞)in my little box because I've got two ice packs and that's how long they last, in all, from the time the stem cells are harvested from a donor(捐献者) to the time they can be implanted in the patient, we’ve got 72 hours at most, So I am always conscious of time.

I had one trip last year where I was caught by a hurricane in America. I picked up the stem cells in Providence, Rhode Island, and was meant to fly to Washington then back to London. But when I arrived at the check-in desk at Providence, the lady on the desk said:”Well, I’m really sorry, I’ve got some bad news for you-there are no fights from Washington.”So I took my box and put it on the desk and I said:”In this box are some stem cells that are urgently needed for a patient-please, please, you’ve got to get me back to the United Kingdom.”She just dropped everything. She arranged for a flight on a small plance to be held for me.re-routed(改道)me through Newark and got me back to the UK even earlier than originally scheduled.

For this courier job, you’re consciously aware than that box you’re got something that is potentially going to save somebody’s life.

29.Which of the following can replace the underlined word “courier” in Paragraph17

A. provider

B. delivery man

C. collector

D. medical doctor

30.Why does Peter have to complete his trip within 42hours?

A. He cannot stay away from his job too long.

B. The donor can only wait for that long.

C. The operation needs that very much.

D. The ice won't last any longer.

31.Which flight did the woman put Peter on first?

A. To London

B. To Newark

C. To Providence

D. To Washington

D

The meaning of silence varies among cultural groups. Silences may be thoughtful, or they may be empty when a person has nothing to say. A silence in a conversation may also show stubbornness, or worry. Silence may be viewed by some cultural groups as extremely uncomfortable; therefore attempts may be made to fill every gap(间隙)with conversation. Persons in other cultural groups value silence and view it as necessary for understanding a person's needs.

Many Native Americans value silence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people, just as some traditional Chinese and Thai persons do. Therefore, when a person from one of these cultures is speaking and suddenly stops, what maybe implied(暗示) is that the person wants the listener to consider what has been said before continuing. In these cultures, silence is a call for reflection.

Other cultures may use silence in other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among people or in relationships of people with different amounts of power. For example, Russian, French, and Spanish persons may use silence to show agreement between parties about the topic udner discussion. However, Mexicans may use silence when instructions are given by a person in authority rather than be rude to that person by arguing with him or her. In still another use, persons in Asian cultures may view silence as a sign of respect, particularly to an elder or a person in authority.

Nurses and other care-geivers need to be aware of the possible meanings of silence when they come across the personal anxiety their patients may be expericencing. Nurses should recognize their own personal and cultural construction of silence so that a patient’s silence is not interrupted too early or allowed to go on unnecessarily. A nurse who understands the healing(治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assist in the care of patients from their own and from other cultures.

32.What does the author say about silence in conversations?

A. It implies anger.

B. It promotes friendship.

C. It is culture-specific.

D. It is content-based.

33.Which of the following people might regard silence as a call for careful thought?

A. The Chinese.

B. The French.

C. The Mexicans.

D. The Russians.

34.What does the author advise nurses to do about silence?

A. Let it continue as the patient pleases.

B. Break it while treating patients.

C. Evaluate its harm to patients.

D. Make use of its healing effects.

35.What may be the best title for the text?

A. Sound and Silence

B. What It Means to Be Silent

C. Silence to Native Americans

D. Speech Is Silver; Silence Is Gold

补全信息 (本大题共5小题,每小题____分,共____分。)

第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

Secret codes (密码)keep messages private。Banks, companies, and government agencies use secret codes in doing business, especially when information is sent by computer.

People have used secret codes for thousands of years. ____ Code breaking never lags(落后) far behind code making. The science of creating and reading coded messages is called cryptography.

There are three main types of cryptography. ____ For example, the first letters of “My elephant eats too many eels” Spell out the hidden message “Meet me.”

____ You might represent each letter with a number, For example, Let’s number the letters of the alphabet, in order, from 1 to 26. If we substitute a number for each letter, the message “Meet me” would read “13 5 20 13 5.”

A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences. To read the message of a real code, you must have a code book.____For example, ”bridge“ might stand for “meet” and “out” might stand for “me.” The message “bridge out” would actually mean “Meet me.” ____However, it is also hard to keep a code book secret for long. So codes must be changed frequently.

A. It is very hard to break a code without the code book.

B. In any language, some letters are used more than others.

C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message.

D. As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them.

E. You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word spell it out.

F. With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for other words.

G. Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for specific letters of the alphabet.

完型填空 (本大题共20小题,每小题____分,共____分。)

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45)

第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡该项涂黑。

A Heroic Driver

Larry works with Transport Drivers. Inc. One morning in 2009. Larry was ____along 165 north after delivering to one of his ____. suddenly, he saw a car with its bright lights on. ____ he got closer, he found ____vehicle upside down on the road. One more look and he noticed ____ shooting out from under the ____ vehicle. Larry pulled over, set the brake and ____the fire extinguisher (灭火器). Two good bursts from the extinguisher and the fire was put out.

The man who had his bright lights on ____ and told Larry he had ____an emergency call. They ____ heard a woman’s voice coming from the wrecked (毁坏的) vehicle.____the vehicle, they saw that a woman was trying to get out of the broken window. They told her to stay _____ until the emergency personnel arrived,____she thought the car was going to ________. Larry told her that he had already put out the fire and she should not move ____she injured her neck.

Once fire and emergency people arrive, Larry and the other man ____ and let them go to work. Then, Larry asked the ____if he was needed or ________ to go. They let him and the other man go.

One thing is ____—Larry went above and beyond the call of duty by getting so close to the burning vehicle! His ____ most likely saved the woman’s life.

41.A. walkingB. touringC. travelingD. rushing

42.A. passengersB. colleaguesC. employersD. customers

43.A. SinceB. AlthoughC. AsD. If

44.A. eachB. anotherC. thatD. his

45.A. flamesB. smokeC. waterD. steam

46.A. usedB. disabledC. removedD. abandoned

47.A. got hold ofB. preparedC. took charge ofD. controlled

48.A. came downB. came throughC. came inD. came over

49.A. returnedB. receivedC. madeD. confirmed

50.A. thenB. againC. finallyD. even

51.A. StartingB. ParkingC. PassingD. Approaching

52.A. quietB. stillC. awayD. calm

53.A. forB. soC. andD. but

54.A. explodeB. slip awayC. fall apartD. crash

55.A. as ifB. unlessC. in caseD. after

56.A. stepped forwardB. backed offC. moved onD. set out

57.A. womanB. policeC. manD. driver

58.A. forbiddenB. readyC. askedD. free

59.A. for certainB. for considerationC. reportedD. checked

60.A. patienceB. skillsC. effortsD. promise

语法填空 (本大题共10小题,每小题____分,共____分。)

第 II 卷

第三部分 英语知识运用

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Chengdu has dozens of new millionaires, Asia’s biggest building, and fancy new hotels. But for tourists like me, pandas are its top____ (attract).

So it was a great honour to be invited backstage at the not-for-profit Panda Base, where ticket money helps pay for research, I____(arrow)to get up close to these cute animals at the 600-acre centre. From tomorrow, I will be their UK ambassador. The title will be ____ (official) given to me at a ceremony in London.But my connection with pandas goes back ____ my days on a TV show in the mid-1980s, ____I was the first Western TV reporter____ (permit) to film a special unit caring for pandas rescued from starvation in the wild. My ambassadorial duties will include ____ (introduce) British visitors to the 120-plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research in the misty mountains of Bifengxia.

On mu recent visit, I help a lively three-month-old twin that had been rejected by ____ (it) mother. The nursery team switches him every few ____( day) with his sister so that while one is being bottle-fed,____ other is with mum-she never suspects.

简答题(综合题) (本大题共1小题,每小题____分,共____分。)

71.第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分 35)

第一节 短文改错(10 分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。

文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1)每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2)只允许修改10处,多着(从第11处起)不计分。

My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that 1 love .Though not very big ,but the Restaurant is popular in our area .It is always crowded with customers at meal times .Some People even had to wait outside My uncle tells me that the key to his

Success is honest. Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quallty oil are using for cooking. My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time. Instead,he hopes that our business will grow steady.

书面表达 (本大题共____分。)

72.第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,暑假想去一家外贸公司兼职,已写好申请书和个人简历(resume)。给外教Mr Jenkins 写信,请她帮你修改所附材料的文字和格式(format)

注意:

1)词数100左右;

2)可以适当增加细节,已使行文连贯。

2016年高考英语真题全国I卷答案

阅读理解

A C D C A D C A B D B C A D B

补全信息

D

E

G

F

A

完型填空

C D C C A B A D C A D B D A C B B D A C

语法填空

attraction

was allowed

officially

to

when

permitted

introducing

its

days

the

简答题

71. that →where 72. but去掉 73. had →have 74. honest→ honesty 75. or→ and 76. using →used 77. becoming前加of 78. the →a 79. our→ his 80. stead→steadily

书面表达

【参考范文】

Dear Mr Jenkins,

I am Li Hua, I am writing to tell you something about my plan for the coming summer vacation and I also want you to do me a favor.

In order to get some practical experience, I am planning to take a part-time job in a foreign capital company. I have already finished my job application and personal resume. But this is the first time that I have written an application and the personals resume, so I don’t even know if there are something to pay attention to. So, I’m writing you the letter , hoping you can give me some help. I will be very grateful if you can help me.

Looking forward to your reply. And I’d be really thankful.

Yours,

Li Hua

2016年高考英语真题全国I卷解析

阅读理解

本题属于细节题,根据以上解题思路可知,Jane Addams是因为她的社会服务工作,所以答案选A。

本题属于判断题,根据以上解题思路可知,O’Connor’被法律公司拒绝的原因是当时社会对妇女的歧视。所以答案选C。

本题属于细节题,根据以上解题思路可知,在美国,是Rosa Parks对民权运动做出了很大的贡献,所以答案选D。

本题推理判断题,根据以上解题思路可知,文中提到的妇女都时先驱,所以答案选C。

本题属于细节题,根据以上解题思路可知,Garza搬家成功的原因是加强了她的家庭的联系,所以答案选A。

本题属于细节题,根据以上解题思路可知,大众对Mrs. Robinson的决定的反应是大多数人认为这是一个趋势,所以答案选D。

本题属于细节题,根据以上解题思路可知,在1960s,他们只是想住得离父母远一些,所以答案选C。

本题属于细节题,根据以上解题思路可知,作者给爷爷奶奶的建议是根据他们自己的兴趣来做选择,所以答案选A。

本题属于判断题,根据以上解题思路可知,作者是一名干细胞运输志愿者,所以答案选B。

本题属于细节题,根据以上解题思路可知,Peter必须在42小时内完成他的运输,是因为冰块不能维持更长的时间,所以答案选D。

本题属于细节题,根据以上解题思路可知,那位女士给Peter安排的第一趟飞机是到Newark,所以答案选B。

本题属于细节题,根据以上解题思路可知,在谈话中,作者对于沉默的观点是它是有着文化特异性,所以答案选C。

本题属于细节题,根据以上解题思路可知,是中国人把沉默当成一种认真思考的态度,所以答案选A。

本题属于细节题,根据以上解题思路可知,作者建议护士利用沉默的治愈效果去照顾病人,所以答案选D。

本题主旨判断题,根据以上解题思路可知,答案选B。

补全信息

根据上面的解题思路可知,。故选项D正确。

根据上面的解题思路可知,是把信息藏于单词的首字母中。故选项E正确。

根据上面的解题思路可知,另一种藏信息的方法是用字母表中的特殊字母来代替。故选项G正确。

根据上面的解题思路可知,有了密码本,就可以写下代表其他单词的单词了。故选项F正确。

根据上面的解题思路可知,没有密码本,就很难解除密码。故选项A正确。

完型填空

walk along沿着……走,符合题意。故选项C正确。

colleague同事,employer雇主;customer顾客;故选项D正确。

since自从,although虽然,as当……时候,if如果;故选项C正确。

each每一,another另一,his他的,此处表示三者以上的另一个;故选项C正确。

flame火焰,smoke烟,water水,steam蒸汽;故选项A正确。

used使用过的,disabled有缺陷的,removed移动的,abandoned被抛弃的;故选项B正确。

get hold of拿起,prepare准备,take charge of负责,control控制;故选项A正确。

come down下来,came through传过来,came in进来,came over过来;故选项D正确。

return返回,receive收到,make制作,confirm确认;故选项C正确。

then然后,again又,再一次,finally最后,even甚至;故选项A正确。

start开始,park停车,pass路过,approach靠近;此处意思为“靠近车辆”;故选项D正确。

quiet安静的,still静止的,不动的,away离开,calm平静的;故选项B正确。

表转折;故选项D正确。

explode爆炸,slip away逃走,fall apart崩溃,crash碰撞;车子马上就要爆炸了,故选项A正确。

as if好像,unless除非,in case以防万一,after在……之后;故选项C正确。

stepped forward向前走,backed off后退,moved on继续向前,set out出发;此处为后退,故选项B正确。

woman妇女,police警察,driver司机;故选项B正确。

forbidden禁止,ready准备,asked问,free自由;可以自主离开free to go,故选项D正确。

for certain肯定地,for consideration以供考虑,reported报道,checked检查;故选项A正确。

patience耐心,skills技巧,efforts努力,promise承诺;故选项C正确。

语法填空

attract吸引,名词为attraction。

一般过去时的被动,主语为单数,故用was allowed。

形容词变副词,在词尾加ly。

go back to 返回,追溯到。

when当……的时候。

过去分词表被动与完成。

include doing sth包含做某事。

it 形容词性物主代词为its。

day的复数形式在词尾直接加s。

one…the other这一个……另一个。

简答题

本题为记叙文,可根据故事发展的线索把握时态,语态,以及进行重点短语的推断。

书面表达

做为中学生,在课余要多阅读,根据试卷上关于作文的提示,就可以很快构思,写作时要细心,尽力避免低级错误。

看了2016年高考英语真题全国I卷及答案解析还看:

1.2016年高考英语全国Ⅲ卷试题及答案

2.2016年英语高考全国卷及答案

3.2016年高考上海卷英语试题及答案

4.2016年英语高考全国卷及答案(2)

5.2016高考全国卷1语文试题及参考答案解析

2016年高考英语真题全国I卷及答案解析

2016年高考英语真题全国I卷难吗?高考英语应该怎样去复习呢?下面学习啦小编为大家分享的是2016年高考英语真题全国I卷及答案解析的详细内容,希望对你有帮助! 2016年高考真题 英语 (全国I卷)
推荐度:
点击下载文档文档为doc格式
68956