2016年高考真题 英语 (全国I卷)
You probably know who Marie Curie was,but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson.Of the outstanding ladies listed below,who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years?
Anyone who has ever been helped by a social worker has Jane Addams to thank.Addans helped the poor and worked for peace. She encouraged a sense of community(社区)by creating shelters and promoting education and services for people in need In 1931,Addams became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
If it weren’t for Rachel Carson, the environmental movement might not exist today.Her popular 1962 book Silent Spring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects of chemicals on humans and on the world’s lakes and oceans.
Sandra Day O’Connor(1930-present)
When Sandra Day O’Connor finished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952,she could not find work at a law firm because she was a woman. She became an Arizona state senator(参议员) and ,in 1981, the first woman to join the U.S. Supreme Court. O’Connor gave the deciding vote in many important cases during her 24 years on the top court.
On December 1,1955,in Montgomery,Alabama,Rasa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to a passenger. Her simple act landed Parks in prison.But it also set lff the Montgmery bus boycott. It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rights movement. “The only tired I was, was tired lr giving in,”said Parks.
21.What is jane Addams noted for in history?
A. Her social work.
B. Her lack of proper training in law.
C. Her efforts to win a prize.
D. Her community background.
22. What is the reason for O’Connor’s being rejected by the law firm?
A. Her lack of proper training in law.
B. Her little work experience in court.
C. The discrimination against women.
D. The poor financial conditions.
23. Who made a great contribution to the civil-rights movement in the US?
A. Jane Addams.
B. Rachel Carson.
C. Sandra Day O’Connor.
D. Rosa Parks
24. What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text?
A. They are highly educated.
B. They are truly creative.
C. They are pioneers.
D. They are peace-lovers.
Grandparents Answer a Call
As a third generation native of Brownsville, Texas, Mildred Garza never pleased move away,. Even when her daughter and son asked her to move to San Antonio to help their children, she politely refused . Only after a year of friendly discussion did Ms Gaf finally say yes. That was four years ago. Today all three generations regard the move to a success,giving them a closer relationship than they would have had in separate cities.
No statistics show the number of grandparents like Garza who are moving closer to the children and grandchildren. Yet there is evidence suggesting that the trend is growing. Even President Obama’s mother-in-law, Marian Robinson, has agreed to leave Chicago and into the White House to help care for her granddaughters. According to a study grandparents com. 83 percent of the people said Mrs. Robinson ‘s decision will influence the grandparents in the American family. Two-thirds believe more families will follow the example of Obama’s family.
“in the 1960s we were all a little wild and couldn’t get away from home far enough fsst enough to prove we could do it on our own,”says Christine Crosby, publisher of grate manazine for grandparents .We now realize how important family is and how important”” to be near them, especially when you’re raining children.”
Moving is not for everyone. Almost every grandparent wants to be with his or her grandchildren and is willing to make sacrifices, but sometimes it is wiser to say no and visit frequently instead. Having your grandchildren far away is hard, especially knowing your adult child is struggling, but giving up the life you know may be harder.
25. Why was Garza’s move a success?
A. It strengthened her family ties.
B. It improved her living conditions.
C. It enabled her make more friends.
D. It helped her know more new places.
26.What was the reaction of the public to Mrs. Robinson’s decision?
A. 17% expressed their support for it.
B. Few people responded sympathetically.
C. 83% believed it had a bad influence.
D. The majority thought it was a trend.
27. What did Crosby say about people in the 1960s?
A. They were unsure of raise more children.
B. They were eager to raise more children.
C. They wanted to live away from their parents.
D. They bad little respect for their grandparent.
28. What does the author suggest the grandparents do in the lasr paragraph?
A. Make decisions in the best interests' of their own
B. Ask their children to pay more visits to them
C. Sacrifice for their struggling children
D. Get to know themselves better
I am peter Hodes ,a volunteer stem courier. Since March 2012, I've done 89 trips of those , 51 have been abroad, I have 42 hours to carry stem cells(干细胞)in my little box because I've got two ice packs and that's how long they last, in all, from the time the stem cells are harvested from a donor(捐献者) to the time they can be implanted in the patient, we’ve got 72 hours at most, So I am always conscious of time.
I had one trip last year where I was caught by a hurricane in America. I picked up the stem cells in Providence, Rhode Island, and was meant to fly to Washington then back to London. But when I arrived at the check-in desk at Providence, the lady on the desk said:”Well, I’m really sorry, I’ve got some bad news for you-there are no fights from Washington.”So I took my box and put it on the desk and I said:”In this box are some stem cells that are urgently needed for a patient-please, please, you’ve got to get me back to the United Kingdom.”She just dropped everything. She arranged for a flight on a small plance to be held for me.re-routed(改道)me through Newark and got me back to the UK even earlier than originally scheduled.
For this courier job, you’re consciously aware than that box you’re got something that is potentially going to save somebody’s life.
29.Which of the following can replace the underlined word “courier” in Paragraph17
B. delivery man
D. medical doctor
30.Why does Peter have to complete his trip within 42hours?
A. He cannot stay away from his job too long.
B. The donor can only wait for that long.
C. The operation needs that very much.
D. The ice won't last any longer.
31.Which flight did the woman put Peter on first?
A. To London
B. To Newark
C. To Providence
D. To Washington
The meaning of silence varies among cultural groups. Silences may be thoughtful, or they may be empty when a person has nothing to say. A silence in a conversation may also show stubbornness, or worry. Silence may be viewed by some cultural groups as extremely uncomfortable; therefore attempts may be made to fill every gap(间隙)with conversation. Persons in other cultural groups value silence and view it as necessary for understanding a person's needs.
Many Native Americans value silence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people, just as some traditional Chinese and Thai persons do. Therefore, when a person from one of these cultures is speaking and suddenly stops, what maybe implied(暗示) is that the person wants the listener to consider what has been said before continuing. In these cultures, silence is a call for reflection.
Other cultures may use silence in other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among people or in relationships of people with different amounts of power. For example, Russian, French, and Spanish persons may use silence to show agreement between parties about the topic udner discussion. However, Mexicans may use silence when instructions are given by a person in authority rather than be rude to that person by arguing with him or her. In still another use, persons in Asian cultures may view silence as a sign of respect, particularly to an elder or a person in authority.
Nurses and other care-geivers need to be aware of the possible meanings of silence when they come across the personal anxiety their patients may be expericencing. Nurses should recognize their own personal and cultural construction of silence so that a patient’s silence is not interrupted too early or allowed to go on unnecessarily. A nurse who understands the healing(治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assist in the care of patients from their own and from other cultures.
32.What does the author say about silence in conversations?
A. It implies anger.
B. It promotes friendship.
C. It is culture-specific.
D. It is content-based.
33.Which of the following people might regard silence as a call for careful thought?
A. The Chinese.
B. The French.
C. The Mexicans.
D. The Russians.
34.What does the author advise nurses to do about silence?
A. Let it continue as the patient pleases.
B. Break it while treating patients.
C. Evaluate its harm to patients.
D. Make use of its healing effects.
35.What may be the best title for the text?
A. Sound and Silence
B. What It Means to Be Silent
C. Silence to Native Americans
D. Speech Is Silver; Silence Is Gold
第二节 (共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分)
Secret codes (密码)keep messages private。Banks, companies, and government agencies use secret codes in doing business, especially when information is sent by computer.
People have used secret codes for thousands of years. ____ Code breaking never lags(落后) far behind code making. The science of creating and reading coded messages is called cryptography.
There are three main types of cryptography. ____ For example, the first letters of “My elephant eats too many eels” Spell out the hidden message “Meet me.”
____ You might represent each letter with a number, For example, Let’s number the letters of the alphabet, in order, from 1 to 26. If we substitute a number for each letter, the message “Meet me” would read “13 5 20 13 5.”
A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences. To read the message of a real code, you must have a code book.____For example, ”bridge“ might stand for “meet” and “out” might stand for “me.” The message “bridge out” would actually mean “Meet me.” ____However, it is also hard to keep a code book secret for long. So codes must be changed frequently.
A. It is very hard to break a code without the code book.
B. In any language, some letters are used more than others.
C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message.
D. As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them.
E. You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word spell it out.
F. With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for other words.
G. Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for specific letters of the alphabet.
第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节，满分 45)
第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡该项涂黑。
A Heroic Driver
Larry works with Transport Drivers. Inc. One morning in 2009. Larry was ____along 165 north after delivering to one of his ____. suddenly, he saw a car with its bright lights on. ____ he got closer, he found ____vehicle upside down on the road. One more look and he noticed ____ shooting out from under the ____ vehicle. Larry pulled over, set the brake and ____the fire extinguisher (灭火器). Two good bursts from the extinguisher and the fire was put out.
The man who had his bright lights on ____ and told Larry he had ____an emergency call. They ____ heard a woman’s voice coming from the wrecked (毁坏的) vehicle.____the vehicle, they saw that a woman was trying to get out of the broken window. They told her to stay _____ until the emergency personnel arrived,____she thought the car was going to ________. Larry told her that he had already put out the fire and she should not move ____she injured her neck.
Once fire and emergency people arrive, Larry and the other man ____ and let them go to work. Then, Larry asked the ____if he was needed or ________ to go. They let him and the other man go.
One thing is ____—Larry went above and beyond the call of duty by getting so close to the burning vehicle! His ____ most likely saved the woman’s life.
41.A. walkingB. touringC. travelingD. rushing
42.A. passengersB. colleaguesC. employersD. customers
43.A. SinceB. AlthoughC. AsD. If
44.A. eachB. anotherC. thatD. his
45.A. flamesB. smokeC. waterD. steam
46.A. usedB. disabledC. removedD. abandoned
47.A. got hold ofB. preparedC. took charge ofD. controlled
48.A. came downB. came throughC. came inD. came over
49.A. returnedB. receivedC. madeD. confirmed
50.A. thenB. againC. finallyD. even
51.A. StartingB. ParkingC. PassingD. Approaching
52.A. quietB. stillC. awayD. calm
53.A. forB. soC. andD. but
54.A. explodeB. slip awayC. fall apartD. crash
55.A. as ifB. unlessC. in caseD. after
56.A. stepped forwardB. backed offC. moved onD. set out
57.A. womanB. policeC. manD. driver
58.A. forbiddenB. readyC. askedD. free
59.A. for certainB. for considerationC. reportedD. checked
60.A. patienceB. skillsC. effortsD. promise
第 II 卷
Chengdu has dozens of new millionaires, Asia’s biggest building, and fancy new hotels. But for tourists like me, pandas are its top____ (attract).
So it was a great honour to be invited backstage at the not-for-profit Panda Base, where ticket money helps pay for research, I____(arrow)to get up close to these cute animals at the 600-acre centre. From tomorrow, I will be their UK ambassador. The title will be ____ (official) given to me at a ceremony in London.But my connection with pandas goes back ____ my days on a TV show in the mid-1980s, ____I was the first Western TV reporter____ (permit) to film a special unit caring for pandas rescued from starvation in the wild. My ambassadorial duties will include ____ (introduce) British visitors to the 120-plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research in the misty mountains of Bifengxia.
On mu recent visit, I help a lively three-month-old twin that had been rejected by ____ (it) mother. The nursery team switches him every few ____( day) with his sister so that while one is being bottle-fed,____ other is with mum-she never suspects.
71.第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分 35)
第一节 短文改错(10 分)
My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that 1 love .Though not very big ,but the Restaurant is popular in our area .It is always crowded with customers at meal times .Some People even had to wait outside My uncle tells me that the key to his
Success is honest. Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quallty oil are using for cooking. My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time. Instead,he hopes that our business will grow steady.
假定你是李华，暑假想去一家外贸公司兼职，已写好申请书和个人简历(resume)。给外教Mr Jenkins 写信，请她帮你修改所附材料的文字和格式(format)
A C D C A D C A B D B C A D B
C D C C A B A D C A D B D A C B B D A C
71. that →where 72. but去掉 73. had →have 74. honest→ honesty 75. or→ and 76. using →used 77. becoming前加of 78. the →a 79. our→ his 80. stead→steadily
Dear Mr Jenkins,
I am Li Hua, I am writing to tell you something about my plan for the coming summer vacation and I also want you to do me a favor.
In order to get some practical experience, I am planning to take a part-time job in a foreign capital company. I have already finished my job application and personal resume. But this is the first time that I have written an application and the personals resume, so I don’t even know if there are something to pay attention to. So, I’m writing you the letter , hoping you can give me some help. I will be very grateful if you can help me.
Looking forward to your reply. And I’d be really thankful.
get hold of拿起，prepare准备，take charge of负责，control控制;故选项A正确。
come down下来，came through传过来，came in进来，came over过来;故选项D正确。
explode爆炸，slip away逃走，fall apart崩溃，crash碰撞;车子马上就要爆炸了，故选项A正确。
as if好像，unless除非，in case以防万一，after在……之后;故选项C正确。
stepped forward向前走，backed off后退，moved on继续向前，set out出发;此处为后退，故选项B正确。
forbidden禁止，ready准备，asked问，free自由;可以自主离开free to go,故选项D正确。
for certain肯定地，for consideration以供考虑，reported报道，checked检查;故选项A正确。
go back to 返回，追溯到。
include doing sth包含做某事。