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2016年小升初名校真题汇编

学习啦【小考辅导】 谢桦时间:2016-05-26 08:50:40我要投稿

  每到小升初的招生季,各种考试压得全市小学毕业生喘不过气来,有公办初中的“掐尖”考试,有民办初中的大小联盟考试,还有各个民办学校的自主招生考试。这些考试让小学生疲于应付。以下是学习啦小编为大家精心准备的:2016年小升初名校真题汇编,欢迎参考阅读!

  2016年小升初名校真题:数学

  一

  1 (101中学考题)

  小灵通和爷爷同时从这里出发回家,小灵通步行回去,爷爷在前4/7 的路程中乘车,车速是小灵通步行速度的10倍.其余路程爷爷走回去,爷爷步行的速度只有小灵通步行速度的一半,您猜一猜咱们爷孙俩谁先到家?

  2 (三帆中学考题)

  客车和货车同时从甲、乙两城之间的中点向相反的方向相反的方向行驶,3小时后,客车到达甲城,货车离乙城还有30千米.已知货车的速度是客车的 3/4,甲、乙两城相距多少千米?

  3 (人大附中考题)

  小明跑步速度是步行速度的3倍,他每天从家到学校都是步行。有一天由于晚出发10分钟,他不得不跑步行了一半路程,另一半路程步行,这样与平时到达学校的时间一样。那么小明每天步行上学需要时间多少分钟?

  4 (清华附中考题)

  如果将八个数14,30,33,35,39,75,143,169平均分成两组,使得这两组数的乘积相等,那么分

  组的情况是什么?

  5 (三帆中学考题)

  观察1+3=4 ; 4+5=9 ; 9+7=16 ; 16+9=25 ; 25+11=36 这五道算式,找出规律,

  然后填写2001 +( )=2002

  二

  1.甲骑自行车从A地到B地,每小时行16km,2小时后,乙乘汽车也从A地到B地,每小时比甲多行44km,结果比甲早到1h40min,求A、B两地相距多少千米?

  2.东方小学五年级1班有50个学生,其中同时参加音乐兴趣小组和美术兴趣小组的有7人,其余的学生也分别参加了音乐或美术小组。参加音乐兴趣小组人数的2/9与参加美术兴趣小组人数的1/5相等,问参加音乐兴趣小组的有多少人?

  解析:

  ① v甲=16km/h v乙=16+44=60km/h

  前半段按追及问题算:

  追及路程△S=甲2小时行的路程=16*2=32km

  追及速度△v=v乙-v甲=44km/h

  追及时间△t=△s/△v=8/11h

  则追上甲时乙行的路程x1=v乙*△t=480/11km

  后半段是相离问题

  t=1h40min=5/3h

  △v=44km/h

  乙到达时,甲与B的距离△s=16*(5/3)=80/3km

  所以△t=△s/△v=20/33h

  x2=(20/33)*60=400/11km

  x=x1+x2=80km

  ②方程解法:

  设参加音乐组的有x人则参加美术组的有50-x+7=57-x 人

  2/9*x=1/5*(57-x) x=27

  算数解法:

  根据题意,美术组=10/9*音乐组

  一共有(1+10/9)音组-7人,即50人

  故音组=(50+7)/(1+10/9)=27人

  2016年小升初名校真题:语文

2016年小升初名校真题汇编
2016年小升初名校真题汇编
2016年小升初名校真题汇编

  2016年小升初名校真题汇编:英语

  部分真题展示

  英语的考察方向继续紧跟中高考方向,淡化语法,强化阅读。

  6篇阅读起码有5篇难度都是高中,也许人大附是觉得,英语好的孩子很多都在小学阶段攻克了 FCE证书,今后出国的意愿也很强烈,所以想选拔出一些英语好的孩子,并把他们集中起来。这样志同道合的孩子们在一起,出国成功率更高些。

  现在人大附确实已经不把着眼点放在国内大学了。

  1

  With only about 1, 000 pandasleft in the world, China is desperately trying to clone(克隆)the animal and save the endangered species(物种). That’s amove similar to what a Texas A & M University researchers have beenundertaking for the past five years in a project called “Noah’s Ark”.

  Noah’s Ark is aimed atcollecting eggs, embryos(胚胎), semen and DNA ofendangered animals and storing them in liquid nitrogen. If certain speciesshould become extinct, Dr. Duane Kraemer, a professor in Texas A & M’sCollege of Veterinary Medicine, says there would be enough of the basicbuilding blocks to reintroduce the species in the future.

  It is estimated that asmany as 2, 000 species of mammals, birds reptiles will become extinct in over100 years. The panda, native only to China, is in danger of becoming extinct inthe next 25 years.

  Thisweek, Chinese scientists said they grew an embryo by introducing cells from adead female panda into the egg cells of a Japanese white rabbit. They are nowtrying to implant the embryo into a host animal.

  The entire procedurecould take from three to five years to complete.

  “The nuclear transfer(核子移植)of one species to another is not easy, and the lack of available(capable ofbeing used) panda eggs could be a major problem,” Kraemer believes. “They willprobably have to do several hundred transfers to result in one pregnancy(having a baby). It takes a long time and it’s difficult, but this could begroundbreaking science if it works. They are certainly not putting any livepandas at risk, so it is worth the effort,” adds Kraemer, who is one of theleaders of the Project at Texas A& M, the first-ever attempt at cloning adog.

  “They are trying to dosomething that’s never been done, and this is very similar to our work inNoah’s Ark. We’re both tryinng to save animals that face extinction. I certainlyappreciate their effort and there’s a lot we can learn from what they areattempting to do. It’s a research that is very much needed.”

  1.The aim of “Noah’s Ark” project is to _______.

  A. make efforts to clonethe endangered pandas

  B. save endangeredanimals from dying out

  C. collect DNA ofendangered animals to study

  D. transfer the nuclearof one animal to another

  2.According to Professor Kraemer, the major problem in cloning pandas would bethe lack of _____.

  A. available pandaeggs B. host animals

  C. qualifiedresearchers D. enough money

  3.The best title for the passage may be _______.

  A. China’s Success inPandas Cloning

  B. The First ClonedPanda in the World

  C. Exploring the Possibilityto Clone Pandas

  D. China —the NativePlace of Pandas Forever

  4.From the passage we know that _______.

  A. Kraemer and his teamhave succeeded in cloning a dog

  B. scientists try toimplant a panda’s egg into a rabbit

  C. Kraemer will workwith Chinese scientists in clone researches

  D. about two thousand ofspecies will probably die out in a century

  【解析】

  本文讲述中国正在竭力克隆濒临绝种的熊猫,这和Texas A & MUniversity 的Noah‘s Ark(诺亚方舟)工程极为相似,都是想拯救濒临灭绝的动物。

  1. B。语义理解题。从第2段内容可知,“诺亚方舟”工程的目标是把濒临灭绝的动物的蛋(卵)、胚胎、精液和DNA储存在液体氮中,如果某一种动物濒临灭绝时,将来可以重现这一动物。

  2. A。细节题。从第6段第1句话The nuclear transfer(核子移植) of one species toanother is not easy, and the lack of available (capable of being used ) pandaeggs could be a major problem 可以做出正确判断。

  3. C。主旨题。从文章内容来看,无论是中国还是世界克隆熊猫还没有成功,所以排除A、B项;D项内容明显与文章内容不符,故排除。所以“探索克隆熊猫的可能性”应该是这篇文章的标题。

  4. D。判断题。此题B项的干扰性较强,但由于它没有说明是Chinesescientists,所以应排除。A、C项明显与原文不符。根据文章第3段第1句可知答案非D莫属。

  2

  Zinc(锌)is one of about 20 elements necessary for good health. It is present in thebody in a very small amount but makes it possible for important chemicalactions to be carried out in cells. Scientists are just beginning to discoverhow zinc and other elements work.

  Researchers firststudied zinc as a way to speed recovery. Dr. Waltor Powys formerly with theUnited States Air Force noted that the laboratory animals recovered faster whensome matters were added to their food. One of these matters was zinc. Dr. Powyslater tested the zinc treatment on an American airman recovering from medicaloperations. The airman who received zinc sulphate(硫酸盐)recovered in half of the usual time. Other doctors studied persons who had anumber of strange disorders. The doctors learned that all of these problemswere caused by lack of zinc in the body. They treated these disorders successfullyby giving the patients zinc sulphate.

  The amount of zinc inthe body can be found by examining blood and hair. A lack of this importantelement is not uncommon among people in both industrial and developingcountries. Zinc is found in most high protein(蛋白质) foods suchas meat, milk, fish and eggs. It is also found in whole grains. But many peopledo not eat enough of these food. Food markets should add these elements so thatmore people could get needed amount of these necessary matters.

  1.Which of the following statements is true?

  A. Scientists found howzinc works a long time ago.

  B. People need a largeamount of zinc to be healthy.

  C. Zinc allows importantchemical actions to take place in cells.

  D. Zinc must be used inthe course of medical operation.

  2.One of the results from the study of zinc is that _______.

  A. there’s only a littlezinc in the human body

  B. food rich in proteincontains more zinc

  C. some physicalproblems are caused by lack of zinc

  D. any patient whoreceives zinc sulphate gets well immediately

  3.The best title for the passage may be _______.

  A. A New Discovery B. Zinc and Health

  C. How Zinc Works D. Add Zinc to Your Food

  【解析】

  本文是说明文,讲述了锌对人体的保健作用。

  1.C。细节题。根据 …but makes it possible for importantchemical actions to he carried out in cells.可推知此题答案为C。

  2.C。细节题。根据The doctors learned that all of theseproblems were caused by lack of zinc in the body. 可推知此题答案为C。

  3.B。主旨题。根据第一句(主题句)Zinc(锌)is one of about 20 elements necessary for goodhealth.可推知。

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