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2016年八年级上册仁爱英语知识点

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  初中英语教材依据初中生的特性来编写,配置了大量的教学图片,正确使用这些图片,能有效地帮助学生正确地理解教学内容,激发其审美情趣和想象力。以仁爱版八年级上册的教材为例,以下是学习啦小编为大家精心准备的:2016年八年级上册仁爱英语知识点总结,欢迎参考阅读!

  2016年八年级上册仁爱英语知识点Unit 1 Sports and Games

  Topic 1 Are you going to play basketball ?

  一. 重点词语:

  1. almost(反义词)never 2.win(过去式)won(名词)winner

  3.ski(现在分词)skiing 4.famous(比较级)more famous

  5.arrive(同义词)reach 6.leave(过去式))left

  7.popular(最高级)most popular 8.healthy(同义词)fit(名词)health

  (一) 词组

  1. during the summer holidays 在暑假期间

  2. between…and… 在两者之间

  3. cheer sb. on 为某人加油

  4. prefer doing sth. 更喜欢做某事

  5. quite a bit/a lot 很多

  6. plan to do sth. 计划做某事

  7. have a skating club 举办滑雪俱乐部

  8. go skating/skiing/bicycling/climbing/hiking 去滑雪/滑冰/骑车/爬山/远足

  9. arrive in/at 到达

  10. play against… 与……对抗/较量

  11. for long 很久

  12. leave for… 动身去…

  13. the day after tomorrow 后天

  14. China’s national team 中国国家队

  15. play baseball 打棒球

  16. at least 至少

  17. What a shame! 多羞愧!

  18. be good at 善于做某事

  19. take part in 参加

  20. all over the world 全世界

  21. be good for 对……有益

  22. a good way 一种好方法

  23. keep fit/healthy 保持健康

  24. relax oneself 放松某人自己

  二. 重点句型

  1.

  2. What’s your favorite sport? = What sport do you like best? 你最喜爱的运动是什么? Which sport do you prefer? = Which sport do you like better? 你更喜欢什么运动?

  I prefer skating. = I like skating better. 我更喜欢滑雪.

  3. Do you skate much? = Do you often skate? 你常滑雪吗?

  4.

  5. She spends at least half an hour in the gym every day. 每天她至少花半小时在体育馆. She plays baseball pretty well and she is also good at jumping.

  她棒球打得相当好而且擅长于跳.

  6.

  7.

  8.

  9.

  三. 重点语言点

  1. see sb. do sth “看见某人做了某事” 强调动作的全过程,常与every day; often等连用. see sb. doing sth. “看见某人正在做某事” 强调动作正在进行.

  如: I saw you play basketball almost every day during the summer holidays.

  I often see him draw pictures near the river. 我常看见她在河边画画.

  I saw her go across the street. 我看见她过了马路

  I saw her going across the street. 我看见她正在过马路.

  [类似的有watch,hear,feel 等这类感观动词.

  2. join sb. 表示 “加入某人的行列” “和某人在一起”

  join + 组织 表示 “加入某个组织”

  take part in 表示 “参加/出席某个活动”

  如: Will you join us?

  I will join the skiing club.

  She is planning to take part in the high jump.

  3. arrive in + 大地点

  arrive at + 小地点

  get to + 地点 = reach + 地点

  如: My uncle arrived in Beijing yesterday.

  I arrived at the Great Wall. = I got to the Great Wall. = I reached the Great Wall. 注意: reach here/there/home = get here/there/home = arrive here/there/home

  4. leave… 离开…… What kind of sports do you like? = Which sport do you like? 你喜欢哪种运动? Would you like to come and cheer us on ? 你愿意来为我们加油吗? What are you going to be when you grow up? 当你长大后做什么? There is going to be a school sports meet next month.下月有一场运动会。

  leave for… 动身去…/离开到…

  如: They are leaving Beijing tomorrow. 明天他们要离开北京.

  They are leaving for Japan the day after tomorrow. 后天他们要前往日本.

  5. a few “几个;一些” 修饰可数名词

  a little “一点点” 修饰不数名词

  如: There are a few eggs in the basket.

  There is a little water in the bottle.

  6. how long 表示“多久(时间)”; 提问时间段.

  how often 表示 “多常; 多久一次”; 提问时间的频率.

  如: They will stay in Beijing for a week. → How long will they stay in Beijing?

  → How often does he play basketball?

  7.be good at (doing) sth. = do well in (doing) sth. 擅长于(做)某事

  如: She is good at (playing) baseball. = She does well in (playing) baseball.

  8.make sth/sb + adj. 使某物(某人)在某种状态

  keep …sth/sb + adj. 保持某物(某人)在某种状态

  如: Playing soccer can make your body strong.

  Swimming can help to keep your heart and lungs healthy.

  四. 重点语法

  一般将来时:

  (一)be going to 结构: ①表示主语进行某一将来行动的打算、意图。这种打算常经过预先考虑并含有自己做好某些准备的意思,因此通常认为用be going to表达的行动很可能会见诸实践。

  如:I’m going to play basketball with my classmates this Sunday.

  我打算本周日和同学们一起打篮球。

  She is going to buy a sweater for her mother.

  她打算为她妈妈买一件毛衣。

  ②表预测。指根据迹象推测,而且马上或很快就要发生。

  如:Look at those clouds. It’s going to rain. 瞧那些乌云!快要下雨了!

  (二) will + 动词原形:表示单纯的将来事实,常与表将来的时间状语如:tomorrow, soon, later, next time(week/month/year…)等连用。will not = won’t; 缩略形式为’ll.

  ① 表示作出立即的决定。这种意图并未经过事先的考虑或计划,是临时的一种决定。

  如:a. ----Please put your things away, Tom. 汤姆,把你的东西收拾好。

  ----I’m sorry. I’ll do it right away. 对不起。我马上就去做。

  b. ----Would you like coffee or tea? 您要咖啡还是茶?

  ----I will have a cup of tea,please. 我要一杯茶。

  c. Don’t worry. I’ll help you. 别担心。我会帮你的。

  ② 表示预测。指说话人对于将来的看法、假设和推测。

  如: I’m sure our team will win next time. 我确信下次我们队会赢。

  Maybe she will go to the gym. 也许她会去体育馆。

  ③ 表示许诺。如: I’ll do better next time. 下次我会做得更好的。

  I’ll visit you tomorrow. 明天我会去看你的。

  句式:肯定句:I/She/He/They will go to play baseball soon.

  否定句:I/She/He/They won’t go to play baseball soon.

  一般疑问句:Will you/she/he/they go to play baseball soon?

  回答:Yes, I/she/he/they will. No, I/she /he/they won’t.

  (三)动词plan, come, go, leave, fly等用现在进行时表示将要发生的事. 如: I’m coming. 我就来。

  He is leaving for Shanghai. 他将到上海去。

  We are going to Beijing. 我们将去北京。

  Topic 2 Would you mind teaching me ?

  一、重点词语:

  (一) 词形转换:

  (1) adj. + ly → adv.

  loud → loudly soft → softly quiet → quietly clear → clearly angry → angrily easy → easily

  (2)过去式:

  fall → fell break → broke lose →lost throw → threw feel → felt

  (3) 1.ill (同义词)sick (名词)illness 2.start(同义词)begin

  3.far(反义词)near 4.smoke(现在分词)smoking

  5.careless(反义词)careful 6.important(比较级) more important

  7.Russia(公民)Russian 8.enjoy(现在分词)enjoying

  9.invent(名词)invention; inventor 10.indoor(反义词)outdoor

  11.century(复数)centuries 12.coach(复数)coaches

  13.feel (名词)feeling 14.tiring(近义词)tired

  (二) 词组:

  1. have a soccer game 进行一场足球赛

  2. fall ill 病倒了

  3. be a little far from… 离……有点远

  4. right away = at once 立刻;马上

  5. miss a good chance 错过一个好机会

  6. get/miss a goal 得到/失去一分

  7. shame on sb. 为某人感到羞耻

  8. do one’s best

  9. say sorry to sb.

  10. be sure to do sth.

  11. be angry with…

  12. with one’s help = with the help of sb.

  13. serve food

  14. turn up/down…

  15. keep sb. doing sth.

  16. in a minute

  17. on the phone

  18. take a seat

  19. never mind

  20. a lot of traveling

  21. love/enjoy doing sth.

  22. have a very exciting life

  23. as well

  24. throw…into…

  25. follow/obey the rules

  26. over a century later

  27. more and more people

  28. feel tired

  29. instead of…

  30. ask sb. to do sth.

  31. make a plan for sb.

  32. build up

  33. have fun doing sth.

  34. be important to 尽某人的力 对某人说抱歉 确定做某事 生某人的气 在某人的帮助下 上菜 调高/低(音量) 让某人一直做某事 一分钟后;马上 在电话中 就坐 不要紧 一系列旅行 喜爱/欢做某事 过着非常兴奋的生活也 把……投进…… 遵守规则 一个多世纪后 越来越多的人 感到疲劳 替代…… 叫某人做某事 为某人订一份计划 增进;增强 乐于做…..做某事 对于某人来说是重要

  35. in a minute/ at once/ right away 立刻/马上

  二.重点句型

  1. Could you please do me a favor? = Could you help me? = Could you give me a hand? 你能帮我吗?

  2. Would you mind teaching me? = Would you please teach me? 你教我好吗?

  3. Would you mind not smoking here ? 你不要在这里抽烟好吗?

  4. You are always so careless. 你总是这样粗心大意.

  5. I’m very sorry for what I said. 我为所说感到到道歉。

  6. We are sure to win next time 下次,我们一定回赢。

  7. Let me buy you a new one. = Let me buy a new one for you.让我为你买一个新的。

  8. He invented an indoor game for his students so that they could play it even in bad weather. 他为他的学生们发明了一项室内运动以便他们甚至在恶劣的天气也能玩。

  9. And you can throw it with one hand or both hands.你能用一只手或两只手投掷它。

  10. I have great fun running and I feel well and look fit 我总是快乐地跑步和我感到很好,看上去很健康。

  三. 重点语言点

  1. ill 与 sick 都表示 “生病的”, 只能作表语而既可作表语也可作定语.

  如: The man is ill/sick. 那个男人病了. (作表语)

  He is a sick man. 他是个病人. (作定语)

  2. Would you mind (not) doing sth? 表示 “(不)做某事介意/好吗?”

  如: Would you mind coming and checking it? 来修理它好吗?

  Would you mind not smoking here? 不要在这儿吸烟好/介意吗?

  3. one of + 名词复数 表示 “其中之一……”, 主语是one,表单数.

  如: One of my teammates is strong and tall. 其中我的一个队友又高又壮。

  One of my friends likes English 其中我的一个朋友喜欢英语。

  4. miss “错过,思念,遗失”

  如: I missed the last bus yesterday. 昨天我错过最后一班车.

  He missed his mother. 他想念他的母亲.

  My God! I missed(=lost) my key. 天啊! 我把钥匙弄丢了.

  5. be sure to do sth. = be sure that + 句子 “确定做某事”

  如: We are sure to win next time. = We are sure that we will win next time.

  我们确信下次一定会赢。

  6. be sorry for… “为某事抱歉”

  be sorry to do sth. = be sorry (that) + 句子 “很抱歉做了某事”

  如: I am very sorry for what I said. 我为我所说的话感到抱歉.

  I’m sorry I lost your book. = I’m sorry to lose your book.很抱歉弄丢你的书。

  7.tired adj. “(感到)疲惫的” , 主语是人 如: I feel tired today. 今天我感到累了. tiring adj. “令人疲劳的”, 主语是事物 如:This job is tiring. 这份工作令人疲惫. 类似的有: excited 感到兴奋的 exciting 令人兴奋的

  interested 感到有趣的 interesting 有趣的

  8.15-year-old “15岁的”

  15 years old “15岁” 如: He is a 15-year-old boy. = The boy is 15 years old.

  类似用法: 2.5-mile / 2.5 miles

  9. instead “替代;相反”, 一般单独使用,放在句末,前面用逗号隔开.

  instead of…“替代……;而不……,相反”

  如: I won’t go to Shanghai. I’ll go to Beijing, instead. 我不会去上海而会去北京. = I’ll go to Beijing instead of Shanghai.

  I drank a lot of milk instead of water. 我喝了许多牛奶而不是水.

  10. have fun doing sth. = enjoy doing sth. 表示 “从做…….中获得乐趣”

  如: I have great fun running. = I enjoy running.我总能在跑步中得到很大乐趣。

  四、交际用语

2016年八年级上册仁爱英语知识点

  (二)道歉和回答

2016年八年级上册仁爱英语知识点

  Topic 3 Beijing will host the 2008 Olympics.

  一、重点词组:

  1. join the English club 加入英语俱乐部

  2. host the 2008 Olympics 举办2008年奥运会

  3. fill out 填出/好

  4. go on 发生;进行

  5. all the interesting places 所有有趣的地方

  6. quite a lot 相当多

  7. make friends with… 与……交朋友

  8. be afraid 恐怕

  9. be free 有空

  10. see you then 再见

  11. win the first gold medal 赢得第一枚金牌

  12. get 28 gold medals 获得28枚金牌

  13. the winner of the first gold medal 第一枚金牌的获胜者

  14. every four years 每四年;每隔三年

  15. the mascot for the Beijing Olympics 北京奥运会的吉祥物

  16. behave well 举止得体

  17. improve the environment 改善环境

  18. plant trees and grass 种植花草树木

  19. a symbol of … 一种……的象征

  20. stand for 代表

  21. the five parts of the world 世界的五大部分

  22. do morning exercises 做早操

  23. be fond of (doing) sth. 喜欢(做)某事

  二、重点句型

  1.Could you tell me your name? 你能告诉我你的名字吗?

  = What’s your name?

  2.What do you do? = What’s your job? = What are you? 你是干什么的?

  3.Beijing will host the 2008 Olympics. 北京将主办2008年奥运会

  4. More and more foreign friends ride in my taxi (= take my taxi) now.

  现在越来越多的外国朋友搭我的出租车.

  5.Speaking English will help me a lot. 说英语将对我有很大帮助.

  6..Please fill it out. 请把它填好.

  7.What will the weather be like this weekend? = How will the weather be this weekend? 本周末的天气怎样?

  8. There will be more roads in Beijing. 在北京将会有更多的马路.

  9. When shall we meet? 我们什么时候见面?

  10.Let’s make it half past six.咱们把时间定在六点半吧。

  三. 重点语言点

  1. fill out + 名词 “填好……”

  fill + 名词/代词+out

  如: Please fill out this form. = Please fill this form out. 请填好这张表格. Please fill it/them out. (当宾语是代词时, 只能放中间) 请把它(们)填好.

  2. be afraid… “恐怕” 指有礼貌地、委婉地拒绝别人.

  be afraid of… “害怕(做)……”

  如: I’m afraid I won’t be free. 我恐怕没有空.

  He is afraid of dogs. 他害怕狗.

  They are afraid of losing the game. 他们害怕输了比赛.

  3. may be “可能是……” may是情态动词 + be

  maybe “或许; 可能” maybe是副词

  如: He may be a teacher. = Maybe he is a teacher. 他可能是一名老师. He may know her name. = Maybe he knows her name. 他可能知道她的名字.

  4. between 在两者之间

  among 在三者或三者当中

  如: The answer is between A and B. 答案在A和B 之间.

  The winner is among of us. 获胜者在我们当中.

  5. There be 句型的一般将来时

  正:There will be a sports meeting in our school this weekend.

  = There is going to be a sports meeting in our school this weekend. 误:There will have a sports meeting in our school this weekend.

  = There is going to have a sports meeting in our school this weekend.

  四、交际用语

  提建议的句型:

  Would you like to go hiking with us? 你想和我们一起去远足吗?

  What/How about going hiking with us? 和我们一起去远足怎么样?

  Why don’t you go hiking with us? 你为什么不和我们一起去远足呢?

  Why not go hiking with us? 为什么不和我们为什么不和我们一起去远足呢?呢?

  Let’s go hiking. 让我们一起去远足吧!

  Would you mind going hiking with us? 你介意和我们一起去远足吗?

  Would you please go hiking with us? 和我们一起去远足好吗?

  2016年八年级上册仁爱英语知识点Unit 2 Keeping healthy

  Topic 1 How are you feeling today?

  一、重点短语

  1. have a cold/a toothache /a fever/a cough/a backache/a stomachache/a sore throat /the flu /sore eyes

  感冒/牙疼/发烧/咳嗽/背疼胃疼/咽喉发炎/流感/眼疼

  2. take a rest=have a rest 休息

  3. not read for too long 不要看书太久

  4. boiled water 开水

  5. stay in bed 卧病在床,躺在床上

  6. have a good sleep 好好睡一觉

  7. feel terrible 感觉难受

  8. day and night 日日夜夜

  9. You`d better=You had better 你最好-------

  10. not so well 很不好

  11. not too bad 没什么大碍

  12. much better 好多了

  13. go to see a doctor 去看病

  14. take /have some medicine 吃药

  15. take------to----- 把--------带到--------

  16. send------to------- 把-------送到-------

  17. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶

  18. lie down 躺下

  19. look after=take care of 照看,照顾

  20. brush teeth 刷牙

  21. have an accident 发生一次意外/事故

  22. don`t worry 别担心

  23. worry about 担心--------

  24. nothing serious 没什么严重,没什么大碍

  25. check over 诊断,仔细检查

  26. thank you for------------ 因--------而感谢你

  27. buy------for---- 为------买------

  28. not------until---- 直到-------才----

  29. ice cream 冰淇淋

  30. both----and--- ------和-------都是----

  31. take some cold pills 吃感冒药

  32. plenty of 许多,大量

  二、重点句型

  1. What`s wrong with you/him/her?你/他/她怎么了?

  同一句:What`s the matter with-------?

  What`s the trouble with------?

  2.You should see a dentist.你应该去看牙医。这是一种表达建议的句子。还可以用以下句式: you`d better(not)-------how /what about--------why not/don`t you --------

  3.I`m sorry to hear that.听到这个消息我很难过。这是表示同情别人的句子。

  4.You look pale.你看起来很苍白。(1)在英语中表示气色不好,苍白,不用whit,而用pale

  (2)“look ”在这里译作“看起来”,作连系动词,后接形

  容词。如:

  You look beautiful。你看起来很漂亮。与look用法相同的连

  系动词还有 tast ,sound ,smell ,feel 。如:

  The soup tastes very delicious .这汤尝起来真香。

  Your voice sound nice.你的声音听起来很动人。

  The flowers smell sweet .这些花闻起来很香。

  The silk feels smooth 丝绸摸起来很光滑。

  5.------Shall I take you to the hospital?我送你去医院吧?

  -------No,thank you.不用,谢谢。

  Shall I do----需要我做-------吗?

  take sb to-----------把某人送到某地

  6. I`ll take some medicine and see how it goes. 我打算先吃药看看情况再说。

  “goes”在这里指事情的进展。“it ”用来代指病情。如:

  How is everything going?一切进展如何?

  Everything is going well.一切进展顺利。

  7.You`d better drink hot tea with honey.你最好喝加蜂蜜的热茶。

  tea with honey 加了蜂蜜的茶,with表示一种伴随状态。类似的表达还有:

  some coffee with sugar and milk加了牛奶和糖的咖啡

  some tea without sugar不加糖的茶

  8.Michael had an accident yesterday.昨天迈克发生了事故。

  had an accident发生了事故

  9.But my left leg still hurts when I move it.可是当我挪动脚时,还是有点儿疼。

  句中“hurt”译为“疼痛”,作不及物动词。后不可接宾语。如:

  my head hurts.

  10.Your X-rays show it`s nothing serious.你的X光照片显示没什么严重的问题。

  nothing serious 没什么严重的。nothing ,something ,anything等不定代词,被形容词修饰时,形容词位于其后。如:

  I have something important to say.我有一些重要的事情要说。

  11.Stay in bed and don`t move your leg too much.躺在床上,不要总是挪动你的腿。

  12.Michael`s friends bought some chocolate for him .迈克的朋友给他买饿一些巧克力。

  buy sth for sb.双宾语的运用。使用双宾语时,在人宾前需要使用介词,有时用“to”有时用“for ”,这与动词本身有关,表示动词的方向,多用“to”,表示动词的目的,多用“ for ” give sth to sb. pass sth to sb.

  bring sth to sb. take sth to sb.

  cook sth for sb. buy sth for to sb .

  13.------but I couldn`t read them until today.但是直到今天我才读了它们。

  not ----until直到------才-------until 在肯定句动词一般用延续性动词,在否定句中动词一般为短暂性动词。如:

  He will wait for his father until ten o`clock.他将等他父亲一直到10点钟。

  He won`t leave until his father comes.他直到他父亲回来才离开。

  三、语法学习

  1、 had better 的形式和用法

  1) 固定短语had better具有情态意义,也可以看作情态动词。译为“最好”,它只有一

  种形式,没有人称和数的变化,后常跟动词原形,是给人提出建议的一种方式。如: You had better go to see the doctor你最好去看医生。

  You`d better eat a lot of fruit and drink plenty of water.你最好多吃水果,多喝水。

  2)Had better的否定结构为 had better not。如:

  You`d better not eat hot food你最好别吃辛辣的食物。

  You`d better not work today.你今天最好别工作。

  2、 shall的用法

  1) 作助动词时,英式英语中表示将来,可与第一人称连用,但在口语中所有人称都用

  will。如:

  this time next week Ishall/will be in New York.下周这个时候我就在纽约了。

  拄:美语则不管什么人称,一律用will。

  2)作情态动词时表征询意见,用于第一人称的疑问句中。如:

  Shall Itake you to the hospital?要不要我带你去医院?

  What shall we do this weekend?这个周末我们要作什么呢?

  Topic 2 I must ask him to give up smoking

  一、重点短语

  1.

  2.

  3.

  4. stay up late熬夜 be bad for对------有害 be good for对------有益 too much太多,过分

  5. do morning exercises做早操

  6. keep long fingernails长长指甲

  7. play sports right进行适当的体育锻炼

  8. go to school without breakfast不吃早餐去上学

  9. have a bath洗澡

  10. take a fresh breath呼吸新鲜空气

  11. read ----about---读关于-------

  12. Ren`ai English Post仁爱英语报

  13. ask sb to do叫某人做某事

  14. give up放弃

  15. read in the sun在太阳底下看书

  16. throw litter about乱扔垃圾

  17. on the lawn在草坪上

  18. put------into------把-------放进-----

  19. exercise on an empty stomach空腹锻炼

  20. get into进入

  21. keep the air clean and fresh保持空气清新

  22. wash hands before meals饭前洗手

  23. potato chips炸薯条

  二、重点句型

  1. Staying up late is bad for your health.熬夜有害健康。

  1) stay up late熬夜

  2) be bad for对--------有害。类似的短语还有: be good for---对------有好处

  3) staying up late is---动名词作主语。当我们需要一个动词充当主语时,常用此动词的

  动名词(即doing)形式。如:

  Playing basketball is good for your heath.打篮球对你的身体有好处。

  Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.躺在床上看书对眼睛有害。

  Swimming is my hobby.游泳是我的爱好。

  2. It will keep you active during the day.它会使你在白天保持活力。

  keep sth/sb .+adj.保持某物/某人在某种状态。如:

  keep your fingersails clean.保持你的指甲干净。

  keep our streets clean.让街道保持干净。

  3. Different foods help us in different ways不同的食物对我们有不同的作用. in different ways.

  译为“用不同的方式”。

  4. If we eat too littele or too much food-----如果我们吃太少或太多食物------

  little 少得几乎没有,表否定,修饰不可数名词。

  a little有一些,表示肯定,修饰不可数名词。

  与 little ,a little类似的用法的还有 few, a few 。

  few少得几乎没有,表否定,修饰可数名词。

  a few有一些,表示肯定,修饰可数名词。

  5. Walking is good exercise and it is necessary for good health. 散步是很好的锻炼,它是身体

  健康必不可少的。

  be necessary for----对--------来说是必不可少的 如:

  Sunshine is necessary for our life.阳光对于我们的生活来说是必不可少的。

  Food is necessary for life.食物是生命所必需的。

  三、语法学习

  1) 情态动词must及其否定形式 must not

  must 译为“必须做------”其否定意义“不必做-------”,用don`t have to 表示,而不用must not 。如:

  ——must Ifinish it tonight?

  ——No, you don`t have to.

  而must not 译作“禁止做--------”。如:

  You must not throw litter about.

  Don`t throw litter about.别到处乱扔垃圾。

  2) 情态动词may

  may有两种含义,表示请求允许,译作“可以”。如:

  May I come in ?我可以进来吗?

  表示推测,译作“可能”。如:

  You may get a headache when you work too hard.当你工作太累时你可能回感到头疼。

  You may get a headache when you can`t get enough sleep. 当你睡眠不足时,你可能会头疼。 enough sleep 充足的睡眠。

  enough 修饰名词时放在前后均可;当它修饰形容词时,一般放在形容词后面。如: strong enough足够强壮

  Topic 3what should we do to fight SARS?

  一、 重点短语

  1. hurry up快点,赶快

  2. go ahead(尤指经某人允许)开始,干下去,走在前面,领先

  3. do more exercise多锻炼

  4. do some cleaning做扫除

  5. all the time一直

  6. have to不得不,必须

  7. keep away远离-------

  8. just a moment稍等一会儿

  9. get through拨通(电话);通过

  10. take care of照顾

  11. care for照顾(病人);照料;喜欢

  12. talk with和----交谈

  13. enjoy oneself过得愉快

  14. Chinese medicine中药

  15. since then从那时起

  16. get lost丢失了,迷路

  17. on one`s way to----在某人去----------的路上

  18. by mistake错误地

  19. ask for leave请假

  20. healthy food健康食物

  21. crowded places拥挤的地方

  22. do one`s best尽力

  23. change clothes often常换衣服

  24. wash hands often常洗手

  25. ring------up打电话给--------

  26. leave a message 留口信

  27. take a message带口信

  28. call----back给------回电话

  29. take an active part in积极参加

  30. the name of----- -------的名称

  31. what do you think of------ ? 你认为---------怎么样?

  32. have a good time=enjoy oneself过得愉快

  33. next time下次

  34. let -------out让-------出去

  35. teach oneself on the Internet网上自学

  36. be afraid of害怕-----,恐惧-------

  二、 重点句型

  1. Sure,go ahead.当然可以,请问吧!

  ahead 意思是向前,这里的go ahead原意为向前走,在这里译作继续问问题,相当于go on

  2. Please tell my father to take care of himself 请告诉我爸爸照顾好自己。

  take care of 照顾,照料。同义词:look after

  tell sb to do sth ask sb to do sth

  want sb to do sth get sb to do sth 表示让某人去做某时事

  3. can I take a message?我能为您梢个口信吗?

  take a message 梢口信

  leave a message 留口信

  give a message to --------给某人一个口信

  4. I`ll tell her when she comes back.她一回来我就告诉她。

  本句是由when引导的时间状语从句。当主句的动词用一般将来时时,从句一般用现在时。如:

  He`ll phoneme when he arrives in Beijing .当他到北京时,他将回给我打电话。

  5. ------,he took an active part in the battle against it.他积极投身于抗击“非典”的战斗中。 against 与---相对抗

  take part in--------参加--------;加入到某种活动中

  take an active part in----积极参加,如:

  You should take an active part in the sports meet in your school.你应该积极参加你们学校的运动会。

  6. He cared for the patients.他日夜关心着病人。

  care for sb--- 关心某人

  7. It`s my duty to save the patients. 救治病人是我的职责。

  it`s------to do----- 做某事是---------在此句式中,“to do --- ”是真正的主语,而“it ”

  是形式主语,类似的句式有:

  It`s dangerous to climb the tree.怕树很危险。

  8. Long time no see. 好久没见!

  这是一句常用口语,在久别重逢的朋友之间,还可以说

  “Haven`t seen you for a long time!”。

  9. I tought myself on the Internet. 我在网上自学。

  1) on the Internet 在网络上。介词on用来表示在网上、电视上、收音机里、电话

  里。如:

  2) on the phone, on the radio ,on tv

  3) teach oneself自学,近义词组为: learn by oneself

  10. How often does Mr Brown exercise? 布朗先生多长时间锻炼一次?

  how often对频率提问,回答用 once/twice/three times-----a day/a week/----- ;

  exercise在这里为动词,意思是“锻炼,运动”。

  三、 语法学习

  1.反身代词的形式

  单数 复数

  myself ourselves

  yourself yourselves

  himself

  herself themselves

  itself

  2、反身代词的用法

  1)“by+反身代词”表示“单独地,独自一人地”。如:

  The boy couldn`t make the model plane by himself那个男孩不能独自制作飞机模型。

  2)反身代词常与一些动词连用。如:

  “teach+反身代词”表示“自学”;“ hurt+反身代词”表示“伤到自己”。如:

  Jane teaches herself English.简自学英语。

  Lily fell down and hurt herself yesterday. 昨天莉莉自己摔伤了。

  注:反身代词与个别动词搭配使用,意思发生变化。如:

  “help +反身代词+to----”表示“随便吃-----”;

  “ enjoy+反身代词”表示“-----玩得开心”。

  Help yourself to some strawberries,please.请随便吃些草莓。

  They enjoyed themselves at the party last night.昨晚在晚会上他们玩得很开心。

  3)反身代词作名词或代词的同位语时,起加强语气的作用,可译为“亲自,本人”。如: You `d better ask your teacher about it yourself.你最好亲自去问你的老师。

  2016年八年级上册仁爱英语知识点Unit3 My Hobby

  Topic 1 I love collecting stamps

  一.重点词汇

  hobby 爱好 vacation假期 painting 绘画 friendship友谊 knowledge 知识 daily 每日的 whether 是否 such as 例如 used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 take a bath 洗澡 be interested in 对……感兴趣

  go dancing 跳舞 go boating 划船 play volleyball 打排球 swimming 游泳 drawing 画画 collecting stamps 集邮 collecting coins 收藏硬币 listening to pop music 听流行音乐 listening to classical music 听古典音乐 listening to symphony 听交响乐 walking in the countryside 在乡间散步

  二.重点句型:

  1.Wow! So many stamps!(Page 53)哇,那么多的邮票!

  本句意为:There are so many stamps. so many意思是“那么多”,so much意思也是“那么多”。如:

  1)There are so many flowers. Or: So many flowers!这里有这么多的花。

  2)There is so much water on the table. Or: So much water!桌子上有那么多的水。

  2. We can learn a lot about people, places, history, and special times from stamps. (Page 53)通过这些邮票我们可以学到许多关于人文、地理、历史和特殊时代的知识。

  a lot “许多、大量”,用在动词后,同very much。如:

  1)She had told me a lot about how to learn English well.

  她告诉我许多有关怎样学好英语的方法。

  2)Thanks a lot.非常感谢。

  另外,a lot of 和lots of 的意思也是“许多、大量”,要用在名词前,在肯定句中常代替much,many。在口语中尤其如此。如:

  There are a lot of / lots of history books in the room.屋里有许多历史书。

  There is still a lot of / lots of snow on top of the house.房上仍有许多雪。

  We have had a lot of / lots of fruits. 我们吃过许多水果。

  a lot of和lots of之间没有多大区别,都可以与可数名词和不可数名词连用。与不可数名词连用时,动词用单数,与可数名词连用时,动词用复数。见上述例句。

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