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高中英语知识点

学习啦【英语学习方法】 如英时间:2016-06-16 11:45:06我要投稿

  英语学习对学生的未来学习与发展起着重要的作用。下面是学习啦小编为大家带来的高中英语知识点,相信对你会有帮助的。

  高中英语知识点:同位语从句

  1. 定义:用作同位语的从句叫做同位语从句。

  2. 用法:同位语从句的先行词多为fact, news, idea, thought, question, reply, report, remark等,关联词多用从属连词that。如:

  They were all very much worried over the fact that you were sick.

  对你生病这件事,他们都很焦虑。

  Where did you get the idea that I could not come?

  你在哪儿听说我不能来?

  Early in the day came the news that Germany had declared war on Russia.

  德国已对俄国宣战的消息一大早就传来了。

  注:同位语从句偶尔由从属连词whether引导。如:

  I have no idea whether he’ll come or not. 我不知道他是否来。

  连接代词who, which, what和连接副词where, when, why, how亦可引导同位语从句。

  The question who should do the work requires consideration.

  谁该干这项工作,这个问题需要考虑。

  We haven't yet settled the question where we are going to spend our summer vacation.

  到哪儿去度暑假,这个问题我们还没有决定。

  It is a question how he did it.

  那是一个他如何做了此事的问题。

  解释:

  1.that引导的同位语从句与定语从句之区别

  that引导的同位语从句

  that引导的定语从句

  句法功能上

  that只起连接从句的作用,无意义。在从句中不充当句子成分。不可省。

  that替代先行词在从句中不仅起连接作用,还充当一个句子成分。如在从句中作动词的宾语时可省略。

  意义上

  从句是被修饰名词的内容。

  从句起限定作用,是定语

  如:The news that Mr. Li will be our new English teacher is true. (同位语从句,that不可省。)

  李先生将是我们的新英语老师这个消息是真的。

  The news (that) he told me yesterday is true. (定语从句,that在从句中作told的宾语,可省。)

  他昨天告诉我的消息是真的。

  2.一些表示“建议、命令、要求”的名词后所跟的同位语从句中,谓语动词用虚拟语气should+动词原形表示。should可省。如:

  This is our only request that this (should) be settled as soon as possible.

  这就是我们唯一的请求:尽快解决这个问题。

  高中英语知识点:介词宾语从句

  宾语从句也可用作介词的宾语。如:

  He was deeply displeased by what had occurred that day.

  他对那天发生的事感到很不快。

  I walked over to where she sat. 我走向她坐的地方。

  I am curious as to what he will say. 我很想知道他要说什么。

  Your success will largely depend upon what you do and how you do it.

  你是否成功将主要取决于你做什么和怎样做。

  有时介词可以省略。如:

  I don’t care (for) who marries him. 我不管谁跟他结婚。

  Be careful (as to) how you do that. 你要注意做这件事的方式。

  解释:

  1.如果宾语从句后还有宾语补足语,则用it作形式宾语,而将宾语从句后置。如:

  We thought it strange that Xiao Wang did not come yesterday.

  我们认为小王昨天没来是奇怪的。

  He has made it clear that he will not give in.

  他已表明他不会屈服。

  2.作介词的宾语:连词that引导的名词性从句很少作介词的宾语,只用在except, but, in后。其他一些介词的宾语从句如果由连词that引导,则需用it先行一步,作形式宾语。如:

  He is a good student except that he is careless.

  他是一个好学生,只是有点粗心。

  You may rely on it that I shall help you. 你可以指望我会帮助你的。

  介词宾语不可以用which来引导,而要用what来引导。如:

  Are you sorry for what you've done?

  你为你所做的一切感到内疚吗?

  3.某些形容词或过去分词后常接宾语从句,这类形容词或过去分词有sure, glad, certain, pleased, happy, afraid, surprised, satisfied等,连词that可省略。如:

  I am not sure what I ought to do.

  我不能确定我该做什么。

  I'm afraid you don't understand what I said.

  恐怕你没领会我说的意思。

  I'm surprised that I didn't see all that before.

  我好奇怪,我以前没看到过。

  Mother was very pleased her daughter had passed the exams.

  妈妈为她的女儿通过了考试而感到高兴。

  4.连词whether (…or not)或if引导的宾语从句

  if和whether引导的宾语从句可以互换使用,但whether常和or not连用,if一般不与or not连用。如:

  I wonder whether it is true or not. 我不知它是真是假。

  用if引导宾语从句如果会引起歧义,应避免使用if而用wheter。试比较:

  Please let me know if you want to go.

  Please let me know whether you want to go.

  if从句可理解为宾语从句,意为“请告诉我你是否想去”;此句又可理解为条件状语从句意为“如果你想去的话,请告诉我一声”。

  5.宾语从句的否定转移。在think, believe, suppose, expect等动词后的宾语从句,有时谓语尽管是否定意思,却不用否定形式,而将think等动词变为否定形式。如:

  I don’t think you are right. 我认为你错了。

  I don’t believe they have finished their work yet. 我相信他们还未完成他们的工作。

  I don’t suppose he cares, does he? 我想他不在意,是吗?

  6. 宾语从句的时态变化规律:

  (1) 当主句是一般现在时态时,从句可根据需要用任何时态。

  (2) 当主句是一般过去时态时,从句只能使用过去范围内的任何时态。但客观真理除外。如:

  The teacher said that the earth goes round the sun.

  老师说地球绕着太阳运行。

  高中英语知识点:同位语从句

  1. 定义:用作同位语的从句叫做同位语从句。

  2. 用法:同位语从句的先行词多为fact, news, idea, thought, question, reply, report, remark等,关联词多用从属连词that。如:

  They were all very much worried over the fact that you were sick.

  对你生病这件事,他们都很焦虑。

  Where did you get the idea that I could not come?

  你在哪儿听说我不能来?

  Early in the day came the news that Germany had declared war on Russia.

  德国已对俄国宣战的消息一大早就传来了。

  注:同位语从句偶尔由从属连词whether引导。如:

  I have no idea whether he’ll come or not. 我不知道他是否来。

  连接代词who, which, what和连接副词where, when, why, how亦可引导同位语从句。

  The question who should do the work requires consideration.

  谁该干这项工作,这个问题需要考虑。

  We haven't yet settled the question where we are going to spend our summer vacation.

  到哪儿去度暑假,这个问题我们还没有决定。

  It is a question how he did it.

  那是一个他如何做了此事的问题。

  解释:

  1.that引导的同位语从句与定语从句之区别

  that引导的同位语从句

  that引导的定语从句

  句法功能上

  that只起连接从句的作用,无意义。在从句中不充当句子成分。不可省。

  that替代先行词在从句中不仅起连接作用,还充当一个句子成分。如在从句中作动词的宾语时可省略。

  意义上

  从句是被修饰名词的内容。

  从句起限定作用,是定语

  如:The news that Mr. Li will be our new English teacher is true. (同位语从句,that不可省。)

  李先生将是我们的新英语老师这个消息是真的。

  The news (that) he told me yesterday is true. (定语从句,that在从句中作told的宾语,可省。)

  他昨天告诉我的消息是真的。

  2.一些表示“建议、命令、要求”的名词后所跟的同位语从句中,谓语动词用虚拟语气should+动词原形表示。should可省。如:

  This is our only request that this (should) be settled as soon as possible.

  这就是我们唯一的请求:尽快解决这个问题。

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