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2017中考英语备考必做预测试题及答案

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  2017中考英语备考必做预测试题

  完型填空(每小题1分,共15分)

  阅读短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

  A wise man was walking from one town to another with a few of his followers, and they happened to pass a lake. So they stopped there to 16 for a while, and the wise man said to one of his followers, "I am very 17 . Could you please 18 me some water from the lake?" the follower walked to the lake 19 the wise man requested. Some people were washing clothes in the water, and right at that moment, several carts (手推车) started crossing the lake. 20 , the water became very muddy.

  Then he went back and told the wise man that the water was very muddy and not 21 to drink.

  After they had rested for about half an hour, the wise man again asked the 22 .follower to go back to the lake and get him some water to drink. As requested, the follower went to the lake. This time he found that all th e mud had 23 to the bottom. The water was very 24 and looked fit to drink. So he 25 his water bottle and took it to the wise man.

  The wise man took the water bottle and drank, then looked up at the follower. "See what you did 26 the water clean?" he said. "You let it be for a while and the mud settled down on its own, 27 .you could get some clear drinking water. Your mind can also be like that lake when it is 28 by something. If you just let it be and give it a little time, it will most likely settle down on its own 29 putting in any effort at all to 30 it."

  ( )16. A. rest B. look C. watch D. see

  ( ) 17. A. hungry B. thirsty C. happy D. sad

  ( )18. A. get B. give C. take D. bring

  ( )19. A. while B. before C. as D. until

  ( )20. A. However B. Instead C. In addition D. As a result

  ( )21. A. fit B. able C. important D. interesting

  ( )22. A. different B same C. other D. left

  ( )23. A. gone B. been C. settled D. lived

  ( )24. A. dirty B. clear C. fresh D. sweet

  ( )25. A. got B. finished C. reached D. filled

  ( )26. A. making B. to make C. made D. had made

  ( )27. A. so that B. in order to C. because D. whe n

  ( )28. A. woken B. left C. disturbed D. given

  ( )29. A. without B. with C. after D. like

  ( )30.A.prevent B. calm C. protect D. fix

  下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的A、B、C或者D 四个选项中选出最佳选项。

  Once, a king showed two men a large basket in the garden. He told them to fill it with water from a well. After they __1__ their work, he left them, saying, “When the sun is down, I will come and see your work.”

  At last one of them said, “What’s the use of doing this foolish work? We can __2__ fill the basket.” __3__ man answered, “That is none of your business.” The first man said. “You may do as you like, but I am not going to work at __4__ so foolish.” He __5__ his bucket and went away. The other man said no word, and kept on carrying __6__. At last the well was almost __7__.

  As he poured the last bucket of water into the basket, he saw a bright thing in it. He picked it up. It was a beautiful gold ring. Just t hen the king came. __8__ he saw the ring, he knew that he had found the kind of man he wanted. He told him to keep the ring for himself. “You __9__ so well in this little thing,” he said, “ __10__ now I know I can believe you with many things.”

  1. A. finished B. did C. began D. had

  2. A. ever B. never C. easily D. no

  3. A. The other B. Another C. One D. A second

  4. A. anything B. something C. nothing D. everything

  5. A. picked up B. put away C. took away D. threw away

  6. A. water B. basket C. well D. work

  7. A. full B. empty C. filled D. clean

  8. A. While B. As soon as C. Before D. Since

  9. A. have done B. will do C. do D. are doing

  10. A. what B. why C. when D. that

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的A、B、C或者D 四个选项中选出最佳选项。

  When Columbus returned home with the news of his (1),he was considered as the hero who had given a new world to Spain.(2)had so great respect been shown to any (3)man.

  But there were some who were jealous of (嫉妒) the (4). “Who is this Columbus?” they asked, “and (5)has he done? Isn’t he a poor pilot from Italy? And could no t any other seamen sail across the ocean just (6) he has done?”

  One day Columbus was at a (7) and several of these fellows were (8). They tried to make Columbus (9). “You have discovered strange lands (10) the sea,” they said. “But we don’t see (11)there should be so buch said about it. Anybody can sail across the ocean; and anybody can coast along the islands on the other side, just as you have done.. It is the (12)thing in the world.”

  Columbus made no (13):but after a while he took an egg from a dish and said to the people at the table “Who(14)you, gentlemen can make the egg stand (15)?”One by one they tried the (16).When the egg had gone entirely around and everyone had (17),all said that it could not be done. Then Columbus took the egg and (18)its small end gently upon the table so as to (19)the shell a little. After that there was no (20)in making it stand (21), “Gentlemen,” said he , “What is easier (22) to do this which you said was (23)?It is the simplest thing in the world.(24)can do it—AFTER HE HAS BEEN SHOWN (25).”

  1.A.secret B. discovery C. story D. journey

  2.A.Where B. Never C. Nor D. Neither

  3.A.common B. great C. respectable D. noble

  4.A.inventor B. traveller

  C. discoverer D. bravery

  5.A.when B. what C. how D. whether

  6.A.because B. as C. like D. since

  7.A.palace B. hotel C. counter D. dinner

  8.A.present B. at present C. kind-hearted D. invited

  9.A.happy B. satisfied

  C. uncomfortable D. disappointed

  10.A.beside B. along C. in D. beyond

  11.A.why B. how C. whether D. that

  12.A.hardest B. wonderful C. simplest D. strange

  13.A.choice B. answer C. noise D. joke

  14.A.besides B. among C. including D. except

  15.A.by B. still C. weight D. on end

  16.A.experiment B. egg C .method D. result

  17.A.succeeded B. failed C. experience D. chance

  18.A.beat B. felt C. touched D. struck

  19.A.protect B. crush C. break D. damage

  20.A.trouble B. time C. shell D. gravity

  21.A.downward B. upward C. easily D. upright

  22.A.as to B. if C. than D. compared

  23.A.possible B. impossible C. difficult D. easy

  24.A.None B. Anybody C. Somebody D. Nobody

  25.A.HOW B.WHEN C.IT D.HIM

  通读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后在各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出一个最佳选项。

  It was very cold outside my cart. I did not want to get out of it 36 we passed by a cafe. Suddenly I noticed a short old man,covered with some bits of cloth,shaking with the cold.He was waiting for anyone who woul d 37 him a coin or a cup of hot coffee.

  I asked my 38 to go over and hand this old man something. He looked into my husband’s face, smiled and said, “39”. I felt so happy and 1 wished the old man could live 40 the cold night.

  I was sure to meet him again and find out how he was the next 41,as I have to pass this way every day, I did so the next evening, and he remembered the 42 and came up to my window and smiled at me.This time I offered him a 43 of food. He reached out for the bag and I gave him my hand. He 44 the food,smiled and said,“May God bless you.” I looked at the old man and he 45 me think of my fa ther.

  I do hope all of us will remember that maybe one day, it could happen to one of us, 46 please do not pass by a 47 person without offering at least a word of love and a kind smile or an act of kindness of any kind.

  36.A.after B.when C.before D.if

  37.A.send B。leave C.greet D.accept

  38.A.father B.son C husband D.friend

  39. A.Excuse me B.Beg your pardon C.Take it easy D.Thank you

  40.A.in B.through C.under D.off

  41.A.year B.month C.week D.day

  42。A.office B.gift C.ear D.shop

  43.A.box B.bag C.bottle D.basket

  44.A. held B.ordered C.dropped D.received

  45.A.got B.forced C.made D. allowed

  46.A.so B.and C.or D.but

  47.A.quiet B.sick C.poor D.shy

  2017中考英语备考必做预测试题答案解析

  【参考答案】完型填空(每小题1分,共15分)

  16—20 ABACD 21—25 ABCBD 26—30 BACAB

  答案简析

  1.C。这里did和finished都表示完成了这项工作,而给篮子装满水是不可能的,国王应在两人开始打水后不久离开,所以应选bega n。

  2.B。往篮子里盛满水是永远不可能的,故选择never。

  3.A。两者中的另一个用the other加名词来表示。

  4.C。the first man想离开,因为他觉得自己干的是无用功,故选择nothing意为“从事某项工作”。

  5.D。pick up意为“捡起”,pick away意为“放好”,take away意为“取走”,而throw down意为“扔掉、丢弃”,比较贴近文意,为正确选项。

  6.A。根据文意,另一个人一直在打水,故选water。

  7.B。不停地打水必然会导致井空,故选empty。

  8.B。while引导从句时,从句应用延续性动词,before和since不符合文意,as soon as…表示“一……就”为正确选项。

  9.A。国王是因为这个诚实的人所做过的事情而表扬他,所以应用完成时态have done。

  10.D。国王讲的最后一句话是含有 “so……that”结构的复合句,意为“如此……以致”故选that。

  【参考答案】

  1-5DBACB

  6-10BDACD

  11-15ACBBD

  16-20ABDCA

  21-25DCBBA

  【文章大意】在一个寒冷的冬天,一个衣衫褴褛的老人伫立在寒风中乞讨,“我”主动向他提供帮助,并且从此每天经过那个地方向他伸出援手。作者呼吁人们不要吝啬给需要帮助的人关爱,哪怕是一句温暖的话语或是一个善意的微笑。

  36.B【解析】因为天气寒冷,所以“我”一直不想从车里出来。A项意为“在……之后”,C项意为“在……之前”,D项意为“如果”,因此都不合适。B项意为“这时突然”的含义,为后文遇见那个乞讨的老人埋下伏笔。故选B。 j

  37.B【解析】A项意为“发送、邮寄”,B项意为“离开,留下’!,C项意为“问候”,D项意为“接受”。由上文可知他是在乞讨,所以是等待路人留下点钱物。故选B。

  38.C【解析】从后文“He——into my husband’s face…”可知他对“我”丈夫提供的帮助表示谢意,故选C。

  39.D【解析】有人给他帮助,他肯定会表示感谢。故选D。

  40.B【解析】A项意为“在……里面”;B项意为“通过,穿过”;C “在……下面”;D项意为“离开”。这句话表示作者衷心祝福这个可怜的老人能熬过寒夜,故选B。

  41.D【解析】因为作者对老人产生了怜悯之情,并从下文“I have to pass this way every day”可以推断出是第二天,故选D。

  42.c【解析】从上文可知“我们’’是开车经过那里并给他东西的,所以他记住了“我们”的车子,故选C。

  43.B【解析】从下文‘‘He reached out for the bag”可以判断是一袋食物,故选B。

  44.A【解析】A项意为“握住,拿着”,B项意为“预订”,C项意为“扔掉”,D项意为•叫殳到”。从上文得知老人对于来之不易的食物怀有珍惜之意,故选A。

  45.C【解析】make可以接不带to的不定式作宾语补足语,可以推断出应该选 C。其他三项均无此用法。

  46.A【解析】从前后两个句子的逻辑关系来看是前因后果的关系,故选A。

  47.C【解析】A项意为“内向的、安静的”,B项意为“生病的”,C项意为“贫穷的、可怜的”,D项意为“害羞的”。只有C项符合语境

  
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