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人教版五年级下册英语重点内容

学习啦【英语学习方法】 嘉欣时间:2017-02-27 11:52:14我要投稿

  考试前,一定要把每单元的重点内容都掌握了,对拿高分成绩有很大帮助。下面学习啦小编为你分享的是人教版五年级下册英语重点内容的详细内容,希望对你有帮助!

人教版五年级下册英语重点内容

  Unit One This Is My Day

  基本词汇:

Activities(活动)

 Time(时间)

频率词

get up   起床

 do morning exercises  晨练

 have English class  上英语课 

 play sports    进行体育活动

 play the piano  弹钢琴

 climb mountains   爬山

 go shopping    购物

 go hiking    去远足

 visit grandparents   看望外/祖父母

 eat breakfast   吃早饭

 eat dinner    吃晚饭

morning   早上

in the   afternoon 下午

       evening  晚上

 

noon  中午

at    night  夜晚

6:00 具体时间

 

on Sunday   在星期天

 

when 什么时候

always  总是

usually  通常

often   经常

sometimes 有时

seldom 很少

never 从不

 

(频率程度依次减低)

  基本句型

  1. 询问生活规律:

  ---- When do you ……?你什么时候……?

  ---- I usually… at … Sometimes I….我通常在…(点钟)…(做什么事)。有时…

  E.g. --- When do you go to school ? 你每天几点去上学?

  --- I usually go to school at 7:00. Sometimes I go to school at 7:10.

  2. 询问生活习惯:

  --- What do you do on the weekend? 你周末做什么?

  --- I usually / often ….. Sometimes I …..

  E.g. --- What do you do on the week?

  --- I often play football. Sometimes I go shopping with my mom.

  3. 介绍自己的生活习惯:

  Every weekend I go hiking. 我每个周末远足。

  Every day I do my homework at 8:00 in the evening. 我每天晚上8点做作业

  4. 询问职业:

  --- What do you do? 你是干什么的?

  --- I am a doctor / nurse / policeman….

  5. Thank you for telling me about your day! 谢谢你告诉我你的一天。

  6. Let’s …. 让我们….(let’s = let us )

  Let’s go hiking together next Sunday. 下周我们一起去远足吧。

  句型转换

  1.肯定句↔一般疑问句:I usually get up at 6:00. ↔ Doyou usually get up at 6:00?

  肯定回答:Yes, I do. 否定回答:No, I don’t.

  (第三人称时) He eats dinner at 6:00p.m.↔ Does he eat dinner at 6:00p.m.?

  2.肯定句↔否定句:I like playing the piano.↔ I don’t like playing the piano.

  I canplay the piano. ↔ I can’t play the piano.

  3.划线提问:

  ⑴ I often go shopping on the weekend. → When do you go shopping ?

  ⑵ I often go shopping on the weekend. →What do you do onthe weekend?

  ⑶ I am a student. → What do you do?

  ⑷ I go to school at 7:00. →When do you go toschool?

  知识延伸:

  ⑴同义词:play sports = do sports

  eat breakfast/ lunch/ dinner = havebreakfast/ lunch/ dinner

  ⑵同义句: What do you do? = What are you? 你是干什么的?

  ⑶一般将来时:(be going to)

  The weather report says it is going to rain tomorrow. 天气预报说明天将要下雨。

  Unit Two My Favourite Season

  基本词汇

Season

(季节)

Month             Festival

(月份)            (节日)

Weather

(天气)

Activity

(活动)

spring

March   Tree-planting Day  Women’s day

April    April Fool’s Day

May    Labor Day   Mother’ s Day

windy

and

warm

plant trees

 

summer

June  Children’s  Day  Dragon boat Festival

      Father’ s Day

July   Party building  Day

August   Army Day

  sunny

   and

  hot

swim

fall

(autumn)

September   Teachers’ Day 

Mid-autumn Festival

October     National Day   Halloween

November   Thanksgiving  Day  Halloween

  windy

and

  cool

fly kites

winter

December   Christmas Day

January     New Year’s  Day

February    Spring  Festival

  windy

   and

  cold

skate

make a snowman

  基本句型

  1. 询问喜欢哪个季节:

  ⑴--- Which season do you like best? 你最喜欢哪个季节?

  ---I like +季节+ best. (例:I likespring∕summer∕fall∕winter best)

  ---或:I like summer, because I can swim in the sea.

  ⑵--- Whatis your favourite season? 你最喜爱的季节是什么?

  --- Spring∕summer∕fall∕winter is my favourite season.

  2. 询问天气:

  --- What is the weather like in fall inBeijing? 北京秋天的天气是怎么样的?

  --- It is sunny and cool.

  3. 询问理由:

  --- Why do you like winter best? 为什么你最喜欢冬天?

  --- Because I can play with snow and make asnowman.

  4. 询问想要做什么

  --- What would you like to do?

  --- I’d like to climb∕play sports…… ( I’d = I would )

  5. 询问具体季节

  --- What season is it in March in Beijing? 北京的三月份是什么季节?

  --- It is spring.

  6. 询问能做什么

  --- What can I do there? 我在那里能做什么?

  --- You can go to the Great Wall. 你可以去长城。

  7. 询问接下来打算去哪里?( be going to一般将来时)

  --- Where are you going on vacation? 假期你打算去哪里?

  --- I am going toCanada. 我将要去加拿大。

  8. Summer is fromJune to August. 六月至八月是夏天。

  9. How do Ilook? 我看起来怎么样?

  10. Send me apostcard. 寄明信片给我。

  11. How did THAThappen? 那是怎么发生的!

  12. When is the best time to go to Beijing? Fall. 什么时候最适合去北京?秋天。

  知识延伸

  1. 特殊疑问句:

  ⑴which 引导的特殊疑问句,询问喜欢哪个季节: Which season do you like best?

  ⑵why 引导的特殊疑问句,询问喜欢某个季节的原因:Why do you like summer?

  ⑶when 引导的特殊疑问句,询问什么时候:When is the best time to go to Beijing?

  2. 第三人称单数形式: say—says (说) ask—asks (问) come—comes (来)

  3. 单复数:tree—trees (树) leaf—leaves (叶子)

  4. 同义词:fall—autumn 秋天

  5. 同义句:Which season do you like best? ----- What’s yourfavourite season?

  6. snowy 下雪的 cloudy多云的 rainy下雨的

  7. 相似短语: play with snow玩雪 like to swim游泳 ( like+ to do)

  play in the snow 在雪地玩 likeswimming 游泳( like + doing)

  句型转换:

  1. 肯定句↔一般疑问句:⑴ I like summer. ↔ Do you like summer?

  肯定回答:Yes, I do. 否定回答:No, I don’t.

  ⑵ It is sunny and hot. ↔ Is it sunny and hot?

  肯定回答:Yes,it is. 否定回答:No, it isn’t.

  ⑶ The sky is very blue.↔ Is the sky very blue?

  The leaves arecolourful. → Are the leaves colourful?

  2. 划线提问:

  ⑴ I like summerbest. → Which season do you like best?

  ⑵ Myfavourite season is winter. → What isyour favourite season?

  ⑶ It is sunnyin May in Beijing. → What is the weather like in May in Beijing?

  ⑷ I’d liketo swim. → What would you like to do?

  全写与缩写:

I am = I’m  

you are  = you’re

who is  = who’s

do not = don’t

can not = can’t

I would = I’d

let us = let’s

does not = doesn’t

  动词原形→第三人称单数形式:

普通形式

直接在动词后+ s  likelikes askasks playplays comecomes

特殊形式

have  has

do  does

watch   watches

 

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